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tianjin international airport


Giovanni Bello
Enrico de Cenzo
Luigi Innammorato

AWR - Architecture Workshop in Rome
web: www.awrcompetitions.com
mail: info@awrcompetitions.com


TIANJIN INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT | Tianjin | 中華民國 [Republic of China] - 2013



Tianjin International Airport


Tianjin - Republic of China


Architecture Workshop in Rome - AWR Competitions




Airports are the front door of a country, of a city, of a place. It represents the connection between  earth and  sky, between our human nature and their dreams. Nodes of a network, airports are no longer simply places of passage, but "new urban landscapes"  where people of different culture meet each other  for a few hours.

For this reason designing an airport today means to connect a city around the world, but it means to design a "new city" at the same time.

The concept design for the new airport comes from the Tianjin International Airport location. The shape of the terminal reproduces that of the ideogram "shui" (water). "Water" is very important in Chinese culture because,  along with the "wind" (feng), is the element capable of shaping the earth. The goal of Feng Shui as practiced today is to situate the human built environment on spots with good "QI". The "perfect spot" is a location and an axis in time
The structure of the terminal includes three spaces under the same roof. Check in, security, baggage collection and shopping areas are located  in the main building, accommodating pre-boarding and boarding areas are situated in the other  two facing wings .

The building design combines lightness, transparency, elegance and modern technology. Large irregular diamond windows, light and gray, create continuous patterns allowing natural light to overflow inside and providing panoramic views of the runways, the sea and natural landscapes. Terminal façade solutions consists in a rigid structural system composed of vertical and horizontal steel elements called "ribs and rings".

From the inside, the same elements create another kind of structure called "hourglass" that performs different function. As well as structural functions, the "hourglass" allows direct sunlight to flood all public areas creating a bright and flowing space, and lets nature invades terminal housing a winter garden.

Many other functions are separated in order to minimize congestions and efficiency problems. A large part of the airport is devoted to commercial operations, including a commercial center, a convention center and shopping mall.



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